|Benedict VIII (Wikimedia)|
|Minaret of the al-Hakim mosque in Cairo. (Druze History and Culture)|
In 1012, a year after the Baghdad Manifesto, Caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr al-Lah (Ruler of God's Command) entered the third of his three distinct periods of rule. This period marked an end to al-Hakim's persecution of non-Muslims and an effort towards acceptance of Christians and Jews who refused to convert to Islam. He was the first Fatimid ruler to be born in Egypt.
|St Alphage is asked for advice. Painting by Vincent of Beauvais (c 1400-1410)(Wikimedia)|
|A work of Cai Xiang (Cultural China)|
Chinese politician Cai Xiang, the most famous calligrapher of the Song Dynasty, was born in what is now the Fujian Province in 1012. Among his accomplishments, Cai would pioneer the manufacture of an expensive, much sought out variety of dragon tribute tea cake.